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Exotic Pet Info

Facts

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Raccoons
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Big Cats
Coatimundis
Hedgehogs

-Lifespan: 10 to 15 years
 
-Adult Weight Range: 6 to 30 pounds
 
-Adult Diet: Fruit, eggs, meat
 
-Puberty: 6 to 10 months
 
-Breeding Season: Fall
 
-Gestation: 72 to 77 days
 
-Number of Young: 3 to 4
 
-Average Body Temp: 100 to 102
 
-Vaccines Recommended: canine distemper, feline leukopenia, rabies (killed-virus vaccines only)
 
-Enemies of the Coati are the tayra, fox, jaguarundi, jaguar, ocelot, margay, and, of course, humans, as in their habitat, they are often hunted for their meat.
 
-The nose is elongated and extremely flexible
 
-They love to groom themselves, combing their hair with their teeth or their long claws using both the front and hind feet
 
-They are extremely intelligent and inquisitive and very skillful with their hands.
 
-They are active during the day, and curl up at night.
-They are also very vocal, issuing grunts, screams, whines, chatters and squeaks.
 
-They hold their tail high and nearly erect, except for the curled tip. If the temperature gets below 40 degrees, the tip can actually fall off!
 
-They  will rub new scents into their tail like a girl putting on perfume!
 
-Newborn coatis are altricial, the ears opening at 4 days and the eyes at about 11 days. The pups leave the nest at about four weeks, the mother and pups rejoin the band at 5 to 6 weeks. The pups will suckle for some 4 months and will stay with the mother until she leaves the band on her next pregnancy. Young coatis are full sized at one year, but are not mature until 2 years of age.
 
FAMILY: Procyonidae
 
CLASSIFICATION:
 
Coatis are in the raccoon family, Procyonidae, which means "before the dog" (pro [Greek] = before; cyon [Greek] = dog). The reference is actually to the star (Procyon) that rises before the dog star (Sirius), but indicates, also, that the raccoon is related to the dog. It is a form of mammal very similar to the ancestors of the dog. Nasua = Latin for "nose" and narica = Latin for "little nostril."
 
Found from the southwestern United States to northern Argentina, they are quite adaptable, and have moved into many habitat types. Most coatis live in moist forests of Central and South America.
 
-Body Length: 13-27 inches
 
-Tail: quite long, 13-27 inches, carried vertically
 
-Nose: highly flexible, extending 1 - 3 inches in front of the incisor row.
 
-Ears: small, round, mostly hidden in the fur
 
-Feet: generally like a raccoon, with bare soles, and powerful, long front claws, plantigrade
 
-Coloration: Quite variable, from cinnamon-buff to black, with an individual changing with successive molts, and family groups showing a wide range. The "normal" coloration is a grizzled light and dark brown, with a distinctinve mask defined by white marks above, below and behind the eye and white hair on the snout behind the black nose. The tail is more or less ringed like a raccoon and there is varying amounts of silver or yellowish on the legs and undersides.
 
-We have had mixed results training our coati to use a litter box or newspaper for house breaking.Our success is about 50%. We use the following procedure for coati's in the house. We start them off as babies with newspapers lining the cage floor. They usually use the bathroom in the corner or one end. This allows us to roll up the newspaper and throw away. We have had coati's that would get to where they would roll the newspaper up into a ball before we removed it. In general we take the coati out first thing in morning play with them for a few minutes then place them back in their cage when they use the bathroom on the paper we then roll up paper and remove
 
-If the coatimundi is be be a pet we recommend that they have their claws removed at around 4 to 6 weeks of age. This procedure must be performed by a qualified veterinarian familiar with the procedure.  coati's are usually ready to be delivered to their new family by 9 to 12 weeks of age. this allows them to be fully weaned and on dry food but young enough to bond to their new family.
 
 
-The young coati is very energetic and active. At about 5 to 6 weeks of age individual personalities will become obvious. We like to compare the young coati to a typical two year old child. They are very inquisitive and continually are exploring their boundaries. At about 6 weeks of age it is time for the coati to learn manners. The first thing to teach them is a mild "NO". At this age they are too young to be disciplined very firmly, but the ground work for their understanding their boundaries can be started. By 14 weeks of age they should be comfortable with mild firm discipline to ensure a pleasant respectful coati.
 
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*****VERY IMPORTANT***** Care should be used when introducing strangers to your coati. Strangers may have different smell on their hands or clothing. If you are they have handled a strange cat or dog these smell, even in trace amounts can be detected by the coati-nose and a strange dog or cat smell may frighten and cause your coati to growl at you. And you will think what is wrong doesn't he like me anymore, but it is not you he detects the smell and views it as a possible predator.

 

-They have 38 chromosomes 

 

 

This page was created on 08/27/04